What causes ibs?
In order to ensure the proper functioning of the intestines, all muscles will have to contract and relax in waves called peristalsis. The food that a person eats will be pushed through the system and the nutrients will be absorbed in the proper manner as well. The unwanted portion or the residual will be eliminated in feces. In the case of the people who get affected with ibs (Irritable bowel syndrome), the rhythmic movement of the muscles will get disturbed and it occurs mainly because of the fact that the communication between the nervous system and the muscles that control the gut will become ineffective. As a resultant factor, people will experience forceful muscle contraction and the food will pass through intestines quickly, resulting in diarrhea. In some occasions, the intestinal muscles will not relax after the contraction and in some other cases; the contraction process will take place in a slow manner to cause constipation. These types of strange and unusual muscle movements can be described as the major reason behind the pain of ibs. Intestinal gas will get stuck inside and it will lead to bloating and distention as well. The intestinal nerves of people with ibs will become extremely sensitive and a minor bloating will invite severe pain.
The symptoms of ibs
The major symptoms of ibs are bloating, cramping, abdominal pain, constipation, diarrhea, excess gas and mucus in stool. The symptoms can vary with individuals and some people experience all these symptoms as well. Most common irritable bowel syndromes are diarrhea-predominant ibs and constipation-predominant ibs and the most underlying reason behind all types of ibs is the periodical messing up of intestinal muscle contractions.
Various tests to identify ibs
This problem cannot be diagnosed with a specific test and doctors normally conduct physical examination, blood test, ultrasound, X-ray of the bowel, sigmoidoscopy and colonoscopy to identify whether a person suffers from ibs. This disease cannot be described as a life-threatening disease but it will affect the quality of life in an adverse manner. People will get affected with ibs at any age and various studies show that women are more vulnerable to this disease in comparison with men.
Different treatments for ibs
People can rely on home treatments to address the symptoms of this disease and diet modification will bring great amount of relief to the patients. It is always advisable to increase the amount of fiber in the diet and some of the popular high fiber foods include raspberries, pears, apples, peas, brussels, sprouts, wheat bran, whole-grain breads, cereals, pinto and garbanzo. Stress management becomes also inevitable in addressing this issue and various exercises like brisk walking, swimming and jogging will help people to manage stress in an effective manner. Doctors also advocate medications like Anti-diarrheals, Bile acid binding agents, Alosetron, Lubiprostone, Linaclotide, Osmotic laxatives, Polyethylene glycol, Anticholinergics, Antidepressants and Stimulant laxatives to address various complications involving ibs.
Surgery cannot be advocated for irritable bowel syndrome and in normal circumstances; this disease develops in individuals aged between 20 and 30 years. It can be said without any doubt that a proper combination of dietary changes, relaxation techniques, medications and exercise will address the issue of ibs in the best possible manner.