Irritable bowel syndrome or IBS can be defined as a disorder in abdominal region that may cause cramping or pain in abdomen and changes the movement of bowel along with other retrospective affects needing treatment for Irritable bowel. In this problem the structure of bowel does not change as in inflammatory bowel disease which is caused due to ulcerous colitis.
Though any clear reason of development of IBS is known to need treatment for Irritable bowel but infection in intestines caused by various triggers is considered as main reason of this abdominal problem. Due to the connectivity of intestines to the brain they send and receive the signals from bowel to brain and vice a versa, which affect the functioning and condition of the bowel. Nerves squeeze more and become sensitive when they are activated due to stress causing irritation in the abdomen.
IBS is more found in women than men in any age but mostly it is experienced by them in their teen years or in early adulthood. Commonly people suffering from this problem are advised to consult their bowel specialist to get relief from it. Almost 15-20% people around the world are suffering from this abdominal problem.
Symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome
Though IBS normally has mild symptoms but severally they range from mild to severe nature, depending on physical condition of individual patient. Abdominal pain, gas, bloating and fullness are some of the commonly found symptoms of this problem which last from few days to few months depending on the treatment for irritable bowel used by the patient. Some of the common symptoms of IBS are as under:
Pain in abdomen region which reduces or abolishes after bowel movement
Patient usually experience one or both of the abdominal problems, constipation and/or diarrhea.
Frequent, loose and watery stools are passed by the patient having diarrhea. It becomes hard to control their bowel movement so they have to rush urgently.
Patients suffering with constipation may find it difficult to pass their stool which reduces the number of bowel movement upto few days as they pass no or very small amount of stool everyday.
Most of the people suffering with IBS may lose appetite considerably
These IBS symptoms may get worse within few days and start reducing afterwards but in some cases they persist for several days continuously.
Testing for proper treatment for irritable bowel
Normally the problem of IBS can be recognized by your physician on the basis of your symptoms without carrying on any test as there is not particular test to diagnose this problem. Certain tests can be done to detect and rule out the existence of the other problems expected to cause due to IBS.
Doctors normally suggest avoiding lactose rich diet during the presence of IBS so they can carry out some tests to verify the deficiency lactose in your body.
Similarly blood tests are done to know about your blood count or celiac disease
Tests are done to check the stool culture due to the affect of infections in abdomen region through colonoscopy to examine the colon of your body by inserting a flexible tube through your anus.
Tests are needed when this problem occurs at later stage i.e. 50 years of age.
Tests become necessary if you find blood in you stool or experience abrupt reduction in your weight.
Some of the other health problems may show similar symptoms may include Celiac disease, Colon cancer or ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s disease. So severally tests are done to clarify the presence of actual problem.
Effective treatments for irritable bowel syndrome
Normally the treatment for irritable bowel are suggested to relieve the severity of its symptoms like some changes in routine lifestyle and dietary changes which can help in reducing the problem considerably without using any medication. Lifestyle changes for this disease may include doing improving your sleeping habit and regular exercises which in turn help in reducing your stress and ultimately your bowel movement problem. Dietary changes can also effective in reducing the intensity of symptoms of IBS even if there is no specific diet plan for this disease.
Some of the IBS-friendly diets
Fibrous diets: People are usually suggested to increase the amount of fiber in their routine diet if they are suffering from IBS. Edible fibers are found in two forms- soluble and insoluble. Soluble fibers are easily digestible by your body and insoluble fibers can not be digested by your body. Oats, rye, barley, root vegetables like potatoes and carrots, fruits like apples and bananas and golden linseeds are some of the examples of soluble fibrous foods. Wholegrain bread, cereals, bran, nuts and seeds except golden linseeds are some of the diets with insoluble fibers.
People suffering from diarrhea with IBS symptoms should cut down the consumption of the foods with insoluble fibers alongwith certain seedy and juicy fruits and vegetables. Similarly people suffering from constipation with symptoms of IBS should increase the amount of drinking water and soluble fiber in their diet which can help in lubricating your intestines to release the stool easily.
Eating tips for treating IBS symptoms
Treatment for irritable bowel may also include some changes in your eating habits as under:
- You should eat your meal regularly and do not eat in haste but take your time while eating your meals
- You should avoid long gaps between two meals as it encourages constipation
- You should drink water and other no-caffeine drinks at least 8-10 glass per day
- You should reduce the intake of tea or coffee to maximum 2-3 cups a day
- You should reduce the intake of aerated drinks and alcohol
- You should educe the intake of foods containing starch, refined wheat flour and processed foods as they resist the intestines to digest them
- You should avoid artificial sweeteners, chewing gums and sugar free drinks if you have diarrhea
- You should not exclude any diet unless suggested by a dietician or your doctor.
Thus changing your own lifestyle and eating habits is the only treatment for irritable bowel unless your condition is serious.