Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) which is sometimes referred to as spastic colon is a common disorder that affects the intestines. It is a chronic condition for many patients since the symptoms come and go. There are no precise tests for this syndrome and the diagnosis heavily relies on information given by the patient to the doctor. However, doctors may take tests to rule out other diseases that may have similar symptoms. Primary symptoms that are linked to IBS include abdominal pain and discomfort that are accompanied with constipation, diarrhea and bloating. These are evident after taking certain types of food and when one is subjected to stress, depression or anxiety. Some of these are inflammatory bowel disease symptoms too.
There are no specific causes of IBS that are well documented. This is why it is said to be “idiopathic” which means that there is no defined cause. However, experts have well founded theories that try to explain the initial factors that lead to this unwanted condition. One such theory is existence of faults during signal transmission between the brain and digestive gut. This is based on studies that have showed that there is some communication between the systems. Some conditions have also been quoted to make big contribution towards the development of IBS. The syndrome can occur at any age with research showing that it is rare for the elderly. Family members whose first degree relation had the syndrome are at high risks of falling victim. Women are also known to be more prone to this condition than men.
For Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) the intestines, large or small, become swollen and get reddish coloration. Inflammatory bowel disease symptoms vary depending on the form it takes. It takes two different forms: Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis. For many years, medical experts have researched the two main forms where they have ascertained that there are some triggers in the body that prompt the body immune system to cause this inflammation to the digestive tract. If it is not attended to, the condition spreads to levels that are unmanageable making the walls of the intestine to get damaged. This is what causes gastrointestinal complications.
The most common symptoms that come with either of the form of IBD include abdominal pain, diarrhea, rectal bleeding, fever skin infection, joint pain and sudden weight loss. In fact, patient usually experience cramping in the abdomen with bouts that cause bleeding. Fluctuations in weight are caused by loss of appetite. It is also common for the affected individuals to have intense need to relieve their bowels. If the condition gets to levels that can cause other gastrointestinal complications, the victims may develop cancer. The ulcers that develop in the stomach bleed whenever they get irritated by beverages, stomach acids and foods. Another form of inflammatory bowel disease symptoms is excessive pain during bowel movement.
If the patient has ulcerative colitis, the lining of the colon get exposed to stool which in turn cause small sores on the lining and also causes swelling. When the problem aggravates, holes may develop on colon walls leading to leakage of contents held by the large intestines making their way into the blood or abdominal cavity. In such cases, immediate surgical operation is necessary. For patients with Crohn’s disease, the front and end regions on the ileum are the most affected.
However, other parts of the digestive tract can be affected causing swollen regions that occur in patches and spread among other ordinary tissues. These swelling cause the walls of the intestines to thicken leading to narrowing of food pathway. Just like its counterpart, holes may develop on the walls of the colon causing the leakages.
Inflammatory bowel disease symptoms come with some complications the most common being: weak bones, anemia, eye problems, arthritis, liver inflammation, kidney stones and skin ulcers. In children, IBS is known to cause belated puberty and diminutive growth. All these are attributed to the defects in the intestines that cause functional impairment which result to poor absorption of nutrients into the blood stream. Arthritis develops due to the inflammation that occurs in other parts of the body that are not part of the digestive system.
In diagnosis of this condition, several tests are done with blood test being the main test. This helps to confirm incidences of inflammation and anemia. Stool is also analyzed to check for any indications of the infection. Sigmoidoscopy and colonoscopy may also be conducted to check for any symptoms. The latter procedure aims at inspecting the entire lining of the ileum whereas the former targets the lower regions of the colon. In some cases, x-rays using barium is done. Barium coats linings of the tract making it possible to view it on a film. Scanning is also done for severe cases.
Treatment of IBD targets inflammatory bowel disease symptoms that have already been identified through clinical procedures. Antibiotics are usually administered to patients that suffer Crohn’s disease but never for ulcerative colitis patients. It is after medication failure that surgical operations are undertaken to remove and mend any affected regions of the digestive tract.There are several measures that are followed to control the effects of IBD. Sufferers are advised to avoid any stressful situations since they aggravate the condition. Research reveals that the condition disrupts interaction of chemicals in the body causing bloating and aching spasms. When you have evidence of inflammatory bowel disease symptoms, it is advisable to keep off from fatty acids since they cause constipation and stomach cramps. You should also have a record of food that you take so that you can be sure of foods that cause unwanted effects.
Make necessary adjustments to only take the diet that keeps you in a stable health condition. Also seek the attention of the doctor so that you can get the appropriate treatment plans. Taking the recommended amount of water, 8-10 glasses each day and peppermint tea is beneficial in controlling cramps and bloating.
For individuals facing inflammatory bowel disease symptoms , alcohol intake should be put at minimum .It is therefore very important to have enough knowledge about the signs to enable you take the necessary action in case you are in the situation.