Irritable bowel syndrome is a health concern that poses challenges to most individuals. Most of us fail to handle this condition, not because we do not know how to but because we do not understand what causes it. It should be remembered that successful treatment of any health concern is contributed by an understanding of the factors that causes it. For the case of IBS, most of us get confused about its contributing factors. The exact causes of irritable bowel syndrome cannot be established with ease. Researchers and doctors have spent sleepless nights trying to establish the probable aggravating factors of bowel syndrome.
What causes irritable bowel syndrome?
1.The digestion process
The normal process of the movement of food through the digestive system is by rhythmic relaxation and contraction on the intestinal muscles, a process called peristalsis. When this process is altered, it results in the development of IBS. On the other hand, if there is an abnormal movement (too fast or slow) of food, it causes a discomfort in the abdomen. For instance, too fast movement of food in the digestive system results in diarrhea. This is because, less time will be allowed for maximum absorption of water from the food. On the other hand, a slow movement of food causes constipation because too much water will be absorbed and less will be left making the stools to become hard.
It has been established that individuals who are prone to IBS are oversensitive to the nerve signals from the digestive system. For instance, in an individual that is sensitive to nerve signals, any simple indigestion is enough to trigger distressing abdominal discomfort.
Emotional conditions like stress and anxiety are known to cause interference to the normal working of the digestive system. Similarly, psychologists have established that psychological disruptions in life e.g. Childhood illnesses, trauma and bereavement may play a significant role in contributing to irritable bowel syndrome. Generally, emotional and psychological life experiences upset the digestive processes thus the development of IBS.
Our eating habits have been confirmed to trigger the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome. The ability of the food to trigger the symptoms will vary from individual to individual. It is therefore advisable to keep a food diary so as to establish those that should be excluded from the diet. Some of the food that should be avoided at all cost includes:
Fizzy food and drinks
All food stuff that contain caffeine e.g. coffee and tea.
Fried and fatty food
All other food that have higher chances of irritating the walls of the digestive system.
Certain types of hormones causes irritable bowel syndrome. Did you know that women are more likely to have irritable bowel syndrome than men? This is as a result of certain hormonal changes that occur in the bodies of women. The symptoms of the IBS are intense around menstrual periods.
Having enumerated the possible causes of Irritable bowel syndrome, it is now possible to make a decision on effective treatment measures. All the above factors are what causes irritable bowel syndrome in most individuals. However, there could be other factors that contribute but their contribution is less serious than the ones above.