Most people are not even aware that they already have the symptoms of IBS or irritable bowel syndrome. When it’s something related to the tummy’s irregularities, it is common for people to take over-the-counter medication and hope for the condition to just go away. It is a good point to remember, however that IBS is not a disease. People who get affected by its symptoms are usually those who have gastrointestinal disorder. Since it is a disorder, it does not only have one symptom. The symptoms for IBS come in a group. Irritable bowel syndrome treatment, therefore does not only entail one type of treatment. It should be a combination of medications, probiotics, changes in diet and nutrition, as well as therapies. This combination would attack the symptoms that make irritable bowel syndrome a nuisance to health.
Medications for Irritable Bowel Syndrome Treatment
A medical professional would typically come up with a certain kind of medication based on the symptoms that a patient would complain about. The most common treatment under this group is the use of either laxatives or loperamide. Constipation, which is a common symptom of IBS, is commonly treated with laxatives and fiber supplements. Diarrhea on the other hand, which is also a typical symptom is usually dealt with the use of loperamide or antidiarrheals. The improvement of stool consistency and reduction of stool frequency make loperamide a usual yet effective medication.
Anti-depressants may also be applied as a medication since mental health problems may also be a a cause of IBS. For colon muscle spasms and abdominal pain, specific antispasmodics like pinaverium, hyoscine, and cimetropium may be recommended by a doctor to a patient.
When people hear probiotics, they always associate it with yogurt. Live micro-organisms are what probiotics are. There are supplements that have probiotic combinations that would aid in treating the symptoms of IBS. Probiotics need to be taken in large amounts to see its effects. There are still ongoing research on its effectiveness, but the intake of probiotics especially when it is an ingredient of a healthy and popular snack like yogurt makes it a tastier alternative for treatment compared to over-the-counter drugs. You still need to consult a professional when it comes to knowing the right kind of supplement that has probiotics in it before attempting to do self-medication.
Good Diet and Nutrition Approach
If you always experience the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome, then there has to be something wrong with your diet. It may seem like such a cliche’, but a good healthy diet is still the best preventive measure or even treatment that can aid in getting rid of the symptoms of IBS altogether. Eating too much of foods that are high in fat, or those that cause gas will not give your tummy a relaxed feeling. Excessive intake of milk products, as well as drinking too much caffeine or taking in drinks wiith high alcohol content is also not good for the stomach.
Moreover, eating too much is never a good thing, since it may cause diarrhea and stomach cramps. If you already have IBS symptoms, it is best to eat in smaller portions. You can also eat smaller meals more frequently rather than eating a really huge one. Eating foods that are high in carbohydrates, as well as fruits and vegetables are all good for the stomach.
Mental Health Problems Therapies
There is an unclear link between the development of irritable bowel syndrome and disorders such as post-traumatic stress disorder, depression anxiety and panic. It is true though, that mental healh problems are common with people who have IBS. It could be the other way around, but as long as these two are interrelated and causing the patient some discomfort and pain, it is better to attempt to treat the symptoms. Thus, therapies for mental health problems will definitely help in ceasing the symptoms.
Hypnotherapy is a popular treatment that will not only relax the mind, it will also also relax the muscles in the colon. The trancelike state it gives to the person is caused by hypnosis. Talk therapy and mindfulness training are also effective for these mental-related symptoms of IBS.
Guidelines in Irritable Bowel Syndrome Treatment
In 2008, the American College of Gastroenterology updated the guidelines in the treatment ideas for IBS.
1. As long as a patient does not have alarming symptoms like rectal bleeding, celiac disease, iron deficiency resulting to low blood count, a history of colon cancer in the family or weight loss, then it is alright not to go through extensive testing before the diagnosis.
2. Blood tests are needed for people who have a combination of diarrhea and constipation. This may be symptoms of celiac disease.
3. Colonoscopy or further tests might be needed for patients who are 50 years old and older, especially those with alarming symptoms. Colon cancer and inflammatory bowel disease may be ruled out when further tests are done.
4. Antidepressants should be considered by patients and their doctors as treatment.
5. Women with constipation symptoms may be offered the drug Amitiza. This can ease bloating and IBS. For patients with diarrhea, Lotronex can be considered.
6. Anti-spasm treatments for short-term relief from abdominal pain can be given to patients.
7. Bifidobacteria, a certain probiotic, may be effective in helping patients with IBS.
Medical professionals would agree that there is no single medication or supplement that can treat irritable bowel syndrome. Its causes and symptoms have to be considered before seeking for relief. The possible causes alone will make it almost impossible to come up with a panacea medicine for IBS. Irritable bowel syndrome treatment should be a combination of good eating habits, intake of dietary fiber supplements and medication recommended by your doctor. There is no one cure for IBS. The only thing to remember is that, irregularities in the stomach are common. However, there is always a way to prevent it from being a constant visitor. Moreover, one needs to remember to keep a healthy lifestyle and a stress-free environment to avoid the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome.