Irritable Bowel Syndrome or IBS is a problem that can happen to both men and women, although it is mostly likely to happen to women. The disorder happens on the large intestine and it can cause some issues, like bloating, cramping, and also bowel habits changes. Some people with this IBS disorder may suffer from diarrhea; while others may suffer from constipation. Some other people may even suffer from both diarrhea and constipation. The issue can cause great discomfort, but it is not dangerous for the intestine.
IBS is different from the IBD or the Inflammatory Bowel Disease. In IBD, people may experience more severe issues like ulcerative colitis or the Crohn’s disease. The IBD is likely to happen because the bowel structure is abnormal, while in IBS, the bowel structure is pretty normal. The problem happens on the intestines.
Up until now, medical experts don’t really know for sure why Irritable Bowel Syndrome can happen. Some infections to the intestine are considered responsible for the issue. Moreover, the brain and the intestines have this special signal delivery system. On certain conditions – such as stress, depression, or other conditions – the signal delivery can be more active – or slower – than before, causing the IBS. There is no specific or special test for IBS either. However, doctors may perform some tests on their patients to make sure that the patients don’t suffer from other ailments. The tests may include blood tests, stool sample test, X-ray, colonoscopy, or sigmoidoscopy. People suffering from IBS can actually control their issue with the right medication, diet, and also stress management.
The Irritable Bowel Syndrome includes signs of gas, fullness, bloating, and also abdominal pain that can last for about three days within a month, within over the last three months. The pain and discomfort can go away after a bowel movement or when there is change on doing your bowel movement. Sometimes, they also lose their appetite. Doctors will perform several tests to determine whether you suffer from IBS or from other ailments that have similar symptoms, such as the Crohn’s disease, Celiac disease, or colon cancer. If they can rule out these diseases, they can prescribe and suggest other treatments to deal with the IBS.
Since IBS can differ from one person to another, there are no rigid rules of what treatments should people have. However, some changes in life style can help a bit, like:
– Avoid consuming large meals
– Avoid consuming drinks and foods that can stimulate and activate the intestines, like soda, tea, or caffeine
– Include more fiber in the daily diet
– Consume the prescribed medications that may include anticholinergic, rifaximin, loperamide, bisacodyl, or lubriprostone.
– Participate in therapy or counseling if people are stressed out or depressed.
Irritable Bowel Syndrome may not be a life threatening issue, but people need to check their condition right away if they find out the symptoms. The sooner their doctors are able to rule out other diseases, the better they will be. They can also find out the best solution and treatment to take by always consulting and talking to their doctors.